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How to Control Asthma: Relief, Management, Treatment, & More – Healthline

Summary

Asthma is a common condition, especially among children.

Although there’s no cure, there are various ways to help treat and manage your asthma. This can help make it easier to breathe and reduce the impact it has on everyday life and activities, as well as possibly reduce symptoms and flare-ups.

By using a variety of tools to treat and control your asthma, you can continue all your daily activities and enjoy a high quality of life.

For immediate, short-term relief of ast…….

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Asthma is a common condition, especially among children.

Although there’s no cure, there are various ways to help treat and manage your asthma. This can help make it easier to breathe and reduce the impact it has on everyday life and activities, as well as possibly reduce symptoms and flare-ups.

By using a variety of tools to treat and control your asthma, you can continue all your daily activities and enjoy a high quality of life.

For immediate, short-term relief of asthma symptoms, there are several treatments that can be used. These treatments address the symptoms of asthma, but they do not address the underlying cause — airway inflammation.

Bronchodilators

Prescription bronchodilators, also known as inhalers, are an immediate treatment. They open up the pathways into the lungs.

Types of bronchodilators include:

  • short-acting inhaled beta2-agonists
  • anticholinergics

These generally help for 4 to 6 hours. If you find yourself needing these more than twice a week, your asthma may not be well-controlled. See a healthcare professional to discuss treatment changes and options.

Over-the-counter medications

There are also over-the-counter (OTC) medications, including nonprescription ones like Primatene Mist, as well as bronchodilator medications like ephedrine combined with guaifenesin (usually in brand names like Bronkaid or Primatene).

Before using these medications, talk with a doctor. Even though you don’t need a prescription, these types of medications can have side effects like rapid heartbeat or tremors and may not always be appropriate for your asthma needs.

Controlling your asthma also involves management of symptoms.

This doesn’t always have to mean medication. It can also involve avoiding places or things that trigger asthma reactions and incorporating lifestyle changes that can help minimize the severity of your asthma.

Triggers and irritants

Triggers and irritants can cause an asthma attack, and avoiding these can help you control your asthma. These can be different for each person. Triggers and irritants can include:

  • dust mites
  • pollen
  • molds
  • cigarette smoke
  • air pollution
  • dust
  • chemicals
  • cockroaches
  • pet dander
  • wood fires or charcoal grills

Your asthma symptoms may not always occur during or right after exposure. Sometimes the reaction can be delayed depending on how sensitive you are to the trigger.

Installing air filters in your house or using a smaller air purifier can also help improve the air quality and reduce irritants and triggers.

Dietary tips

Eating more fruits and vegetables may help with controlling your asthma. These foods help lower inflammation in the body, which can help with airway inflammation.

A nutrient-rich diet is beneficial in reaching and …….

Source: https://www.healthline.com/health/asthma/asthma-control